The ICRC started working in Tajikistan in 1992 and opened a delegation in Dushanbe in January 1993. On 14 June 2003, a headquarters agreement was signed between the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan and the ICRC.
At the beginning of its presence in Tajikistan, the ICRC focused its work on the response to the humanitarian problems related to the internal armed conflict and provided assistance during this period to more than 200 000 victims of war.
At present, the ICRC implements programs in all regions of the country in accordance with its mandate and main humanitarian priorities: addressing humanitarian problems inherited from the past (mines and missing people), emergency preparedness and response, and promotion of international humanitarian law (IHL) and humanitarian principles.
In September 2013, with the consent of Tajik authorities, the ICRC AFS office was opened in Dushanbe for the support of the humanitarian operations in Afghanistan.
The ICRC closely cooperates with the Tajik National Mine Action Center (TNMAC). To help mine victims in Tajikistan, in 2012 the ICRC initiated a sustainable victim assistance programme "Micro Economic Initiatives (MEI)" assisting the most vulnerable families of mine victims, who are willing to create or develop a small family business.
Since 2010, the ICRC helps to increase the capacity of the medical structures in the Rasht valley to react to emergencies. The ICRC organised several specialised seminars for surgeon practitioners as well as Emergency Room Trauma courses for the medical doctors from the Ministry of Health as well Emergency Situations Committee,
The ICRC also helps people with disabilities to resume a normal life. The ICRC MoveAbility foundation provides technical support, consultations, sponsorship for training of the staff as well as provide equipment and machinery support for the Orthopaedic Centre in Dushanbe and the new satellite brunch of the Orthopaedic Centre in Khujand.
Worldwide the ICRC works on the problem of missing persons, including Tajikistan. The ICRC has supported the National Centre of Legislation under the President of Republic of Tajikistan to conduct a study comparing domestic legislation with norms of international law on the rights of missing persons and their families.
The re-establishment of family links between detainees and their relatives is one of the traditional ICRC activities across the world.
The ICRC promotes IHL and other humanitarian norms among the authorities, the armed and law enforcement bodies and youth, including universities. The ICRC regularly organizes international, regional and national IHL events for government officials to facilitate the implementation of IHL provisions at the domestic level.
The ICRC helps the RCST to develop its capacity to deliver humanitarian aid in case of emergencies, to educate communities about the risks of mines and explosive remnants of war, promote IHL and the Red Cross and Red Crescent's fundamental principles, and assist persons separated from their relatives to restore contact and exchange news. The emergency preparedness programme is implemented to increase the capacity of selected branches of the RCST in emegencies providing them with specific trainings in first aid, safer access procedures, and assessment techniques, as well as in consolidating their infrastructures.
Department for international organization