Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Tajikistan and Ukraine were established on April 24, 1992.
Bilateral relations are based on an interstate agreement – Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation between the Republic of Tajikistan and Ukraine, dated July 6, 2001. The fundamental principles of relations include trust and mutual understanding in the discussion and solving of international and regional issues. Positions of countries find mutual support.
Legal base of the relations between the Republic of Tajikistan and Ukraine accounts for more than 80 documents that cover a wide range of cooperation between the two countries in various fields.
Mutual visits of heads of state play a special role in the development of comprehensive cooperation between Tajikistan and Ukraine:
July 5-6, 2001, the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon made an official visit to Ukraine.
April 8-10, 2003, a working visit of the President of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma to the Republic of Tajikistan.
March 6-7, 2008, the official visit of the President of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko to the Republic of Tajikistan.
December 3-5, 2008, a state visit of the President of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon to Ukraine.
September 3, 2011, a meeting of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon with the President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych in Dushanbe at the CIS Summit.
December 15-16, 2011, an official visit of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon to Ukraine.
July 2, 2012, a working visit of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon to Ukraine.
During these visits were discussed the key issues of the Tajik-Ukrainian cooperation in framework of bilateral and multilateral relations and signed a series of documents aimed on development and strengthening of cooperation in various fields.
The basis of economic cooperation between Ukraine and Tajikistan are agreements, which include: Agreement on "Basic principles and directions of economic cooperation", "On free trade", "On the attraction and mutual protection of investments".
An important coordinating element of deepening multilateral cooperation is joint Tajik-Ukrainian Intergovernmental Commission on Economic Cooperation, established in 2002.
In the signed protocols of the meeting of the Commission committed a consensus on deepening the partnership in the construction of new and modernization of existing power facilities, the designing and construction of thermal power plants based on coal deposits on the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan, attracting Ukrainian investors to the economy of Tajikistan, joint industrial enterprises, including the production of various electrical equipment, mining and processing of natural resources and agricultural products.
Ukraine takes a leading position in export-import operations with the Republic of Tajikistan. The main imported goods from Ukraine to Tajikistan are foodstuff, canned goods, sugar, confectionery, pharmaceuticals, cement, bauxite, coal, coke, pitch, oil, synthetic corundum, aluminum oxide, aluminum hydroxide, motors and generators, turbines, paper, building materials, metal products, home appliances, agricultural equipment, tractors, machinery, products used in the electrical, railway cars, furniture and accessories.
The main exported goods from Tajikistan to Ukraine are raw cotton, food products, including fruit and vegetables, dried fruit.
In recent years, an inter-regional cooperation between the two countries has remarkably intensified. Between the Khatlon and Kharkiv, Khatlon and Lugansk Sughd and Dnеpropetrovsk regions were signed memorandums on trade, economic, scientific-technical and humanitarian cooperation.
Also, mutual visits of representatives of the administration, the business community, representatives of industry and other organizations in Tajikistan and Ukraine were paid.
Cooperation between Tajikistan and Ukraine in the cultural sphere is steadily developing.
Each year, citizens of the Republic of Tajikistan go up to the institutes of higher education of Ukraine on the basis of the state quota.
Ties between scientists of two countries are expanding. In recent years, cooperation between the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan and the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine is developed productively.
Days of culture, aimed on the development and deepening of cultural cooperation between two countries has also become a tradition in Tajikistan and Ukraine.
Currently, the Tajik-Ukrainian relations have a tendency of dynamic and long-term development.
Tajikistan and Ukraine are interested in building and deepening mutually beneficial cooperation, both bilaterally and multilaterally.