Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Tajikistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan were established on October 22, 1992. The Embassy of the Republic of Tajikistan in Tashkent functions since 1995.
Due to its economic development, geographical and geopolitical location, as well as to community roots and historical ties between the two neighboring countries, the Republic of Tajikistan pays constant attention to the further development and deepening of a wide range of mutually beneficial cooperation with the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The legal base of bilateral Tajik-Uzbek relations includes 111 contracts and agreements signed at the interstate, intergovernmental and interdepartmental levels in the period from 1992 to the present.
The approved documents between two countries cover all the key areas of cooperation between two countries and provide a solid legal basis for the further strengthening of bilateral cooperation between Tajikistan and Uzbekistan in the political, economic, trade and other areas.
The Treaty of Friendship, Good-neighborliness and Cooperation between Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, signed on January 4, 1993 in Tashkent and the Treaty of Eternal Friendship between Tajikistan and Uzbekistan signed on June 15, 2000 are rightly considered to be the main documents, which regulate the main directions of relations between Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
The sides defined the main principles of bilateral relations in these documents – mutual respect for independence and sovereignty, equality, non-interference into the internal affairs of each other, their mutual desire to establish mutually beneficial economic partnership relations, both at the state level and at the level of economic entities.
At the end of 2001 took place working visits of the President of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon to Tashkent. The ways for constructive addressing the whole spectrum of problems in Tajik-Uzbek relations are identified and fixed in a Joint Statement approved after the visit.
5, 2002. Currently, work on the final approval of the remaining less than 60 km of the border is underway.
August 23, 2002 – the first meeting of Tajik-Uzbek Intergovernmental Commission on Trade and Economic cooperation was held in Dushanbe. It has become an important event in bilateral Tajik-Uzbek relations.
February 18, 2009 – after a seven-year pause, the regular meetings of Intergovernmental Commission on Trade and Economic Cooperation and Delimitation of State Border were held in Dushanbe.
During the 2010 meetings at the intergovernmental stage have became regular: April 27, 2010 – the meeting of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Tajikistan M. A. Alimardon with First Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan R. Azimov was conducted in Tashkent. May 22, 2010 – the meeting of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan H. Zarifi with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan V. Norov was conducted in Tashkent. June 11, 2010 – the bilateral negotiations between the President of Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon and the President of Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov were held in Tashkent. January 5, 2012 – the meeting of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Tajikistan M. A. Alimardon with the First Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan R. Azimov took place in Tashkent. February 17-18, 2012 – the meetings of the Minister of Education of the Republic of Tajikistan N. Saidov with the Minister of General Education of the Republic of Uzbekistan Sh. Temirov and the Minister of Higher and Secondary Special Education of the Republic of Uzbekistan B. Hodiev.
Foreign trade analysis shows the negative trend, which led to a significant reduction of mutual supplies of goods and services between the Republic of Tajikistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan. There are all the necessary resources and reserves for the development of mutually beneficial cooperation in this important area.
It is enough to say that having a huge cultural and humanitarian space, shared borders and the developed communication system, we need to ensure the free movement of people, goods and services that will contribute to a more effective development of many sectors in the two countries and make fuller use of transit potential of each other for entering other markets.
History, common cultural and spiritual values, as well as centuries-old tradition of mutual respect and good neighborliness laid a solid foundation and the basic principles of relations between Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. These principles impose an equal responsibility on our countries and Tajikistan, on its side, is always set to consistently develop a broad, build on mutual trust, partnership with its nearest neighbor.