Beginning 1 April 2000 the Republic of Tajikistan is a Party to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction (Ottawa Convention), dated 18 September 1997. With the view of the implementation of obligations under the abovementioned Convention the appropriate activities on anti-personnel mine clearance are carried out in the territory of the country.
The Demining process on the border areas with the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and preventive activities on mined areas of Tajik-Uzbek State border are being conducted at an accelerated pace with the involvement of foreign donor supports.
For the implementation of the initiative of Tajikistan in the field of demining, mine security awareness, as well as providing assistance to landmine victims, in 2003, by the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan, with the support of the United Nations Development program (UNDP), there was established Tajikistan Mine Action Centre (TMAC).
The above stated Center is an executive authority of the Commission on Implementation of International Humanitarian Law under the Government of Republic of Tajikistan in the field of anti mines actions and responsible for the settlement of the issues, related to antipersonnel mines in Tajikistan.
Tajikistan Mine Action Centre (TMAC) implements its activities in the framework of the UNDP project document of “Providing support to the efforts of Tajikistan in settlement of mine problems” and Six years Mine Action Strategic Plan (2010-2015).
The Government of the Republic of Tajikistan provides practical and technical supports to the programs and projects of the Center. These practical and technical supports are consisted of the free provisions of mentioned program and projects with officers and soldiers from the power structures, classrooms and training polygons, using helicopters for transportation of mine injured persons, mines and explosive substances for the training of sappers, pension payment for mine injured persons and etc.
At present, in view of all demined fields, in the territory of Tajikistan, especially in the Tajik-Afghan State border and in the central part of the country remains approximately 7,65 км², which makes 191 mined fields.